Bible Definition – Bible Vocabulary and References On This Site

These pages provides simple Bible definition and explanations. They are here to help if the Bible terms or spiritual terms used on this site are new or fairly unfamiliar.

As with the rest of the site, my views are not necessarily the views of traditional Christianity, though I am a Christian and definitely follow Jesus.

I speak about the point in my journey when I asked the question "Am I a Christian" in this blog.

Scroll down or click for terms relevant to bible definition as follows:

The Old Testament

The New Testament - Bible Definition
The Gospels

Paul The Apostle

How Is The Catholic Bible Different From The Protestant Bible?

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Other Spirituality Definitions on www.a-spiritual-journey-of-healing.com

(Click here if you are looking for scriptures on healing in the bible.)

Spirituality Definition And Definition of Religion

Definition of non duality. (Christianity and non duality - how this teaching has deepened my experience of God's Love.)

Fear and Faith Definition

Definition of Forgiveness

What are traditional prayers?

What is Prayer?

What is a prayer of agreement?

The Bible

The Bible is comprised of two main parts:

Bible Definition: 1. The Old Testament

Isaiah imageBeautiful image of Isaiah I photographed in Westminster Cathedral, London, UK

The Old Testament is a collection of books written at different periods between 1900 and 4000 years ago.
There are 39 books in the Protestant version.
There are 46 books in the Catholic version.

The book Christians now refer to as the Old Testament is a collection of Hebrew books. They were written by Jews for Jews.

Jesus was Jewish. He quoted from these scriptures and maintained their importance. He often interpreted them differently than his Jewish brothers, but insisted that he had come to fulfil the scriptures not to destroy them.

Christianity started as a cult of Judaism with many early Christians also adhering to Jewish Law. The group is referred to in the Bible as following "The Way".

The followers of Christ later separated from Judaism. They continued to refer to the Holy hebrew texts which were to become known as the Old Testament.

Further books were written and included within their scriptures.

A List of Books in The Old Testament:

Genesis
Exodus
Leviticus
Numbers
Deuteronomy
Joshua
Judges
Ruth
First book of Samuel
Second book of Samuel
First book of Kings
Second book of Kings
First book of ChroniclesSecond Book of ChroniclesEzra
Nehemiah
Esther
Job
Psalms
Proverbs
Ecclesiastes
Song of Songs (Song of Solomon, Canticles)

Isaiah
Jeremiah
Lamentations
Ezekiel
Daniel
Hosea
Joel
Amos
Obadiah
Jonah
Micah
Nahum
Habakkuk
Zephaniah
Haggai
Zechariah
Malachi.

Catholic Bibles are different from Protestant Bibles.

At the time that the Church split, the Protestants only included Bible books for which the original Hebrew copies could be found.

(Since that time copies in Hebrew have been found of some of the other books.)

Read below for the list of extra books included in Catholic Bibles.

Bible Definition: 2. The New Testament

The New Testament was written after the time of Jesus.

The New Testament consists of 27 books, written in Greek, primarily by Jews.

Luke the historian who wrote one of the Gospels was however a gentile (a non-jew).

Bible Definition: A List of Books in The New Testament

  • The Gospels
  • The Acts of the Apostles
  • Epistles by Paul
  • Epistles by other apostles
  • Revelation aka Apocalypse

The Gospels

There are 4 Gospels, giving slightly differing versions of the life and ministry of Jesus.

Gospel according to St. Matthew
Gospel according to St. Mark
Gospel according to St. Luke
Gospel according to St. John

The Gospels include many words presented as being the direct teachings of Jesus.

The Acts of the Apostles

The Acts of the Apostles is a fascinating account of the early church by Luke the Historian who also wrote one of the Gospels.

Epistles by Paul

Letters written by Paul to encourage the early Church to persevere in following Christ and not split into factions and get distracted by frivolities and unncessary theological arguments. Encouragement was much needed as persecution of the early Christians was common.

Epistle to the Romans
First Epistle to the Corinthians
Second Epistle to the Corinthians
Epistle to the Galatians
Epistle to the Ephesians
Epistle to the Philippians
Epistle to the Colossians
First Epistle to the Thessalonians
Second Epistle to the Thessalonians
First Epistle to Timothy
Second Epistle to Timothy
Epistle to Titus
Epistle to Philemon
Epistle to the Hebrews

Epistles by other apostles

Other apostles were also travelling about to spread the Good News. They also wrote to encourage the early Christians to continue in the faith.

Epistle of James
First Epistle of Peter
Second Epistle of Peter
First Epistle of John
Second Epistle of John
Third Epistle of John
Epistle of Jude

Revelation aka Apocalypse

I don't really feel qualified to give a bible definition of Revelation. It is quite a controversial book. It is the one most used by those who want to instill fear of the “Last Days” to encourage people to take up faith. Revelation, also known as Apocalypse, can be pretty grizzly at times. Most feel they don't really understand much of it.

There is however much I find beautiful and poetic in Revelation and relate to.

The name Apocalypse is now associated with disaster, but it means “unveiling”. Throughout the Bible and in many spiritual groups, there is reference to a veil between this world and the spiritual realm. In moments of revelation this veil is removed. Revelation, the book, gives account of when this veil is removed, not just on an individual level, but on a collective level.

How Is The Catholic Bible Different From The Protestant Bible?

I personally own both Catholic and Protestant Bibles.

This is not an official catholic bible definition. These are some of the differences of which I am aware.

a) What are the extra books contained in Catholic Bibles and not in Protestant Bibles?

  • Tobit
  • Judith
  • Additions to Esther (Vulgate Esther 10:4-16:24[14])
  • Wisdom
  • Sirach, also called Ben Sira or Ecclesiasticus
  • Baruch, including the Letter of Jeremiah (Additions to Jeremiah in the Septuagint[15])
  • Additions to Daniel: Prayer of Azariah and Song of the Three Holy Children (Vulgate Daniel 3:24-90), Susanna (Vulgate Daniel 13, Septuagint prologue), Bel and the Dragon (Vulgate Daniel 14, Septuagint epilogue)
  • 1 Maccabees
  • 2 Maccabees

I don’t know much about the other texts in the list above, but I can recommend the book of Wisdom as well worth reading.

The book of Wisdom is quoted by the writers of the New Testament.

Wisdom is used as another name for God.  Widsom is also refered to as "She". (The same is true in the book of Proverbs.)

b) The Catholic Bible includes the original words used to name God - Yahweh and Elohim. These have been replaced in the Protestant Bibles with the word LORD - left in capitals to indicate that it is a replacement.

c) The Jerusalem Bible (a Catholic Bible) is the only Bible I own that includes the latest thought about who wrote the various Chapters of the Bible.

For some Protestant Evangelical Christians it would be unusual to challenge the belief that parts of the Bible are written by someone other than the named author.

d) The translations are different in the Catholic and Protestant bibles so the wording often varies. These differences in translation do not however explain differences in doctrine between denominations. There are equally significant differences in translations beteen different Protestant bibles and different Catholic Bibles.


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