These pages provides simple Bible definition and explanations. They are here to help if the Bible terms or spiritual terms used on this site are new or fairly unfamiliar.
As with the rest of the site, my views are not necessarily the views of traditional Christianity, though I am a Christian and definitely follow Jesus.
I speak about the point in my journey when I asked the question "Am I a Christian" in this blog.
Scroll down or click for terms relevant to bible definition as follows:
The Bible is comprised of two main parts:
The Old Testament is a collection of books written at different periods between 1900 and 4000 years ago.
There are 39 books in the Protestant version.
There are 46 books in the Catholic version.
The book Christians now refer to as the Old Testament is a collection of Hebrew books. They were written by Jews for Jews.
Jesus was Jewish. He quoted from these scriptures and maintained their importance. He often interpreted them differently than his Jewish brothers, but insisted that he had come to fulfil the scriptures not to destroy them.
Christianity started as a cult of Judaism with many early Christians also adhering to Jewish Law. The group is referred to in the Bible as following "The Way".
The followers of Christ later separated from Judaism. They continued to refer to the Holy hebrew texts which were to become known as the Old Testament.
Further books were written and included within their scriptures.
First book of Samuel
Second book of Samuel
First book of Kings
Second book of Kings
First book of Chronicles
Second Book of Chronicles
Song of Songs (Song of Solomon, Canticles)
Catholic Bibles are different from Protestant Bibles.
The Catholic Church split in the sixteenth century with the formation of the Protestant denomination.
The Protestants chose to only include Bible books for which the original Hebrew copies could be found, with the exception of the Book of the Apocalypse or Revelations which was included.
I am not an expert, so if you are researching the reason for the exclusion on certain books in the Bible, please do check on that information.
Since that time copies in Hebrew have been found of some of the books of the Bible that were excluded, but I don't know which ones.
The list of the extra books included in Catholic Bibles is included further down in this article on Bible definition.
The New Testament was written after the time of Jesus.
The New Testament consists of 27 books, written in Greek, primarily by Jews.
Luke the historian who wrote one of the Gospels was however a gentile (a non-jew).
There are 4 Gospels, giving slightly differing versions of the life and ministry of Jesus.
Gospel according to St. Matthew
Gospel according to St. Mark
Gospel according to St. Luke
Gospel according to St. John
The Gospels include many words presented as being the direct teachings of Jesus.
Although they appear in the Bible in the order above, Mark is believed to be the earliest Gospel, begun around 30 years after the Crucifixion.
Around the year 180 a.d., bishop Irenaeus declared the accounts by Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John to be the four "canonical" Gospels.
(The full contents of the New Testament were decided on in the time of Constantine around 325, at the time of the Council of Nicaea.)
The Acts of the Apostles
The Acts of the Apostles is a fascinating account of the early church by Luke the Historian who also wrote one of the Gospels.
Letters written by Paul to encourage the early Church to persevere in following Christ and not split into factions and get distracted by frivolities and unncessary theological arguments. Encouragement was much needed as persecution of the early Christians was common.
Epistle to the Romans
First Epistle to the Corinthians
Second Epistle to the Corinthians
Epistle to the Galatians
Epistle to the Ephesians
Epistle to the Philippians
Epistle to the Colossians
First Epistle to the Thessalonians
Second Epistle to the Thessalonians
First Epistle to Timothy
Second Epistle to Timothy
Epistle to Titus
Epistle to Philemon
Epistle to the Hebrews
Other apostles were also travelling about to spread the Good News. They also wrote to encourage the early Christians to continue in the faith.
Epistle of James
First Epistle of Peter
Second Epistle of Peter
First Epistle of John
Second Epistle of John
Third Epistle of John
Epistle of Jude
I don't really feel qualified to give a bible definition of Revelation. It is quite a controversial book. It is the one most used by those who want to instill fear of the “Last Days” to encourage people to take up faith. Revelation, also known as Apocalypse, can be pretty grizzly at times. Most feel they don't really understand much of it.
There is however much I find beautiful and poetic in Revelation and relate to.
name Apocalypse is now associated with disaster, but it means
“unveiling”. Throughout the Bible and in many spiritual groups, there is
reference to a veil between this world and the spiritual realm. In
moments of revelation this veil is removed. Revelation, the book, gives
account of when this veil is removed, not just on an individual level,
but on a collective level.
I personally own both Catholic and Protestant Bibles.
This is not an official catholic bible definition. But the following are some of the differences between the Catholic and Protestant Bibles of which I am aware.
I don’t know much about the other texts in the list above, but I can recommend the book of Wisdom as well worth reading.
The book of Wisdom is quoted by the writers of the New Testament.
Wisdom is used as another name for God. Wisdom is also referred to as "She". (The same is true in the book of Proverbs.)
b) The Catholic Bible includes the original words used to name God - Yahweh and Elohim. These have been replaced in the Protestant Bibles with the word LORD - left in capitals to indicate that it is a replacement.
c) The Jerusalem Bible (a Catholic Bible) is the
only Bible I own that includes the latest thought about who wrote the various Chapters of the Bible.
For some Protestant Evangelical Christians it would be unusual to challenge the belief that parts of the Bible are written by someone other than the named author.
d) The translations are different in the Catholic and Protestant bibles so the wording often varies. These differences in translation do not however explain differences in doctrine between denominations. There are equally significant differences in translations between different Protestant bibles and different Catholic Bibles.
What are the first six books of the Old Testament called?
The first five books of the Bible are known as both the Torah and the Pentateuch.
What are the first six books of the Old Testament called?
(This is sometimes a crossword clue?!)
Some scholars group the first six books of the Bible together, rather than the first five.
The sixth book is the book of Joshua.
Joshua contains many references to the first five books and is therefore considered by some as distinct from the other books of the Former Prophets (Joshua-Kings).
The Gnostic Gospels are Gospels in addition to Matthew, Mark, Luke and John which existed in the early centuries and have been found subsequently.
Although they are not part of a Bible definition as they are excluded, the Gnostic Gospels are of spiritual and academic interest to many.
There are thought to be about 50 Gnostic Gospels.
Especially significant are the Nag Hammadi gospels found in 1945. These include the Gospel of Thomas, the Gospel of Mary, and the Gospel of Philip.
(Also among the Nag Hammadi scrolls were the Prayer of the Apostle Paul and an excerpt from Plato's Republic.(
In the 1970s, the Gospel according to Judas, dated to the second century, was found in a cave in Egypt. It became available to read in 2006.
With grateful thanks to the National Geographic Magazine 2017, for some of the above information.
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